# – Courses

**D.C. Electronics**

Recommended Textbooks – Electricity and Electronics, Basic Electronics

**1****. Fundamental Definitions and Relationships**

Use scientific notation in solving problems

Describe the structure of atoms and relate that structure to conductors and insulators.

Distinguish between mechanical work, energy, and power.

Identify the differences between various DC and AC voltages.

Identify various voltage sources.

Solve problems involving electrical power and efficiency.

**2. Resistance**

-Solve for conductance when given a resistance.

-Solve for resistance when conductance is specified.

-Choose a correct wire size when given current in a load.

-Distinguish between types of resistors, based on construction and physical size.

-Determine resistance when given a color code.

-Specify the color code for a given resistance.

**3. Basic Electric Circuit and Ohm’s Law**

List the requirements of a closed circuit.

Apply Ohm’s Law to an entire circuit or to part of a circuit.

Solve for and verify by measurement current, voltage, or resistance

**4. Series and Parallel Circuits**

Calculate the total resistance of a series circuit.

Calculate current in a series circuit when given a source voltage.

Demonstrate that the sum of the voltage drops in a series circuit is equal to source voltage.

Apply Ohm’s Law to the solution of series circuits.

Verify circuit calculations by measurement.

Identify possible circuit faults when given a set of measurements.

Define voltage and current relations in a parallel circuit.

Solve for equivalent resistance of two branch and multi branch circuits.

Use current summing techniques to analyze parallel circuits.

Make current and voltage measurements and identify possible causes of a malfunction

**5. Series-Parallel Circuits**

Calculate voltages and currents in a single source series-parallel circuit.

Reduce a series-parallel circuit to a series equivalent circuit.

Analyze series-parallel circuits.

Verify circuit calculations by measurement.

Solve voltage divider and balanced-bridge problems.

**6. Network Theorems**

Specify input and output currents at circuit nodes.

Solve problems using the Voltage Division Rule.

Solve problems using the Current Division Rule.

Use the superposition theorem to analyze elementary two source circuits.

Use Thevenin’s and Norton’s theorems to analyze elementary circuits.

**7. Power in DC Circuits**

Compute power when given voltage or current and resistance.

Determine the overall efficiency of a complete circuit.

Calculate the load resistance for maximum power transfer

Define ideal voltage and current sources.

Convert a voltage source to a current source.

Convert a current source to a voltage source.

**8. Capacitors in DC Circuits**

Use the physical characteristics of a capacitor to calculate capacitance.

Describe mathematically the relationship between charge, voltage, capacitance, and stored energy.

Solve problems involving the equivalent capacitance for series, parallel, and series-parallel capacitors.

**AC Electronics**

**1. Electromagnetism**

Describe the magnetic field.

Describe electromagnetism.

Describe common electromagnetic devices.

Describe magnetic hysteresis.

Describe electromagnetic induction.

Demonstrate applications of electromagnetic induction.

**2. AC Voltages and Currents**

Analyze the various types of alternating voltages and currents, such as pulse waves, square waves, saw tooth waves, triangular waves, and sine waves.

Define the meaning of period and the mathematical relationship between frequency and period.

Solve problems involving relationships between the effective, peak, and peak-to-peak values of alternating current waveforms.

Use an oscilloscope to measure amplitude, period and frequency of alternating waveforms.

**3. Phasors and Complex Numbers**

Use a phasor to represent a sine wave.

Use complex numbers to express phasor quantities.

Represent phasors in two complex forms.

Do mathematical operations with complex numbers.

**4. Capacitors**

Describe the basic structure and characteristics of a capacitor.

Discuss various types of capacitors.

Analyze series capacitors.

Analyze parallel capacitors.

Analyze capacitive DC circuits.

Analyze capacitive AC circuits.

Discuss some capacitor applications.

**5. Inductors**

Describe the basic structure and characteristics of an inductor.

Discuss various types of inductors.

Analyze series inductors.

Analyze parallel inductors.

Analyze inductive DC switching circuits.

Analyze inductive AC circuits.

Discuss some inductor applications.

**6. Transformers**

Explain mutual inductance.

Describe how a transformer is constructed and how it operates.

Explain how a step-up transformer works.

Explain how a step-down transformer works.

Discuss the effect of a resistive load across the secondary winding.

Discuss the concept of a reflected load in a transformer.

Discuss impedance matching with transformers.

Explain how the transformer acts as an isolation device.

Describe a practical transformer.

Describe several types of transformers.

**7. RC Circuits**

Describe the relationship between current and voltage in an RC circuit.

Determine impedance and phase angle in a series RC circuit.

Analyze a series RC circuit.

Determine impedance and phase angle in a parallel RC circuit.

Analyze a parallel RC circuit.

Analyze series-parallel RC circuits.

Determine power in RC circuits.

Discuss some basic RC applications.

Troubleshoot RC circuits.

**8. RL Circuits**

Describe the relationship between current and voltage in an RL circuit.

Determine impedance and phase angle in a series RL circuit.

Analyze a series RL circuit.

Determine impedance and phase angle in a parallel RL circuit.

Analyze a parallel RL circuit.

Analyze series-parallel RL circuit.

Determine power in RL circuits.

Discuss some basic RL applications.

Troubleshoot RL circuits.

**9. RLC Circuits and Resonance**

Determine the impedance of a series RLC circuit.

Analyze series RLC circuits.

Analyze a circuit for resonance.

Determine the impedance of a parallel resonant circuit.

Analyze parallel and series-parallel RLC circuits.

Analyze a circuit for parallel resonance.

Determine the bandwidth of resonant circuits.

Discuss some system applications of resonant circuits.

**Digital Electronics**

Recommended Textbooks:** ****Digital Systems**

**1. Analog and Digital Electronics Foundations**

Introduction to Digital Electronics

Information and Logic

Voltage as Logic High and Logic Low

Analog and Digital Waveforms

Differences Between Analog and Digital Waveforms

Reading Waveforms

Voltage Sources, Single Source Loops

**2. Number Systems**

Counting and Converting Number Systems

Binary

Adding and Subtracting in Binary

**3. Logic Gates**

Logic Gates

The Logic Symbols for the AND, OR, NOT, NAND, NOR Gates.

Writing the Truth Tables for the Common Gates.

The Exclusive OR and Exclusive NOR Functions

Parity Generator Circuit

**4. Using Digital Logic and simple Interfacing**

IC Specifications

Use a Databook to Determine

Fanout

**5. Constructing Circuit using Boolean Algebra and Decoding**

Boolean Expressions for Combinational Circuits

Boolean Expressions and Truth Tables

Develop Boolean Expressions for Truth Tables.

Develop Output Waveforms from Truth Tables

Gate Selection for Particular Waveforms

Combinational Logic

Binary Coded Decimal To Seven-Segment Display Decoding

Creating the Truth Table

BCD to Seven-Segment Decoding

**6. Binary Arithmetic**

Adder and Subtractor Design

Half Adder Function

Draw Half Adder Logic Diagram Using Logic Gates

**7. Flip-Flops and Multivibrators**

Introduction to Latches and Flip-Flops

Build Flip-Flops Using Crossed-NAND (NOR) Gates

Memory Storage

Constructing the R-S Flip-Flop Using Gates

Operation of a Set-Reset Flip-Flop

Operation of a Gated R-S Flip-Flop

The JK Flip-Flop

Operation of a JK Flip-Flop

Toggling a JK Flip-Flop

The Monostable Multivibrator and the 555 Timer

Operation of a Two Phase, Non-Overlapping Clock

555 Timer as a Monostable Multivibrator (One-Shot)

**8. Counters**

Ripple Counter and Divide by N Counters

Operation of a Counter Using J-K Flip-Flops

Divide by N Counter Using J-K Flip-Flops

Up/Down Counters

Operation of a Synchronous Up/Down Counter

Operation of a Ripple Counter as a Up/Down Counter

Light Emitting Diodes

Seven Segment LED Displays

**Solid State**

Recommended Textbooks: ** Electronic Devices**

**1. Semiconductors Basics**

**2. Diode Applications**

**3. Special-Purpose Diodes**

**4. Power Supplies**

**5. Transistor Circuits**

**6. Field-Effect Transistors **

**7. Thyristors**

**8. UJT’s**

**9. The Operational Amplifier**

**10. Oscillators**

**11. Voltage Regulators**